DEFINITION AND DESCRIPTION
Open educational resources – OER
- Learning Resources – Whilst purely informational content has a significant role in learning and teaching, it is helpful to consider learning resources by their levels of granularity and to focus on the degree to which information content is embedded within a learning activity:
- Digital assets – normally a single file (e.g. an image, video or audio clip), sometimes called a ‘raw media asset’;
- Information objects – a structured aggregation of digital assets, designed purely to present information;
- Learning objects – an aggregation of one or more digital assets which represents an educationally meaningful stand along unit;
- Learning activities – tasks involving interactions with information to attain a specific learning outcome;
- Learning design – structured sequences of information and activities to promote learning.
Open learning resources – Open Educational Resources OER
For learning resources to be truly open they need to be discoverable, pedagogically and technically accessible and have open licenses that enable re-use or adaptation by anyone. It should be noted that not all learning resources that are described as OER fulfill the above criteria.
The following broad definition of OER from OER Commons seems to be generally accepted by the community:
Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching and learning materials that are freely available online for everyone to use, whether you are an instructor, student or self-learner. Examples of OER include: full courses, course modules, syllabi, lectures, homework assignments, quizzes, lab and classroom activities, pedagogical materials, games, simulations, and many more resources contained in digital media collections from around the world.
This page has been developed by the UKOER Programme Synthesis and Evaluation Team which is concerned with OER but also more broadly with Open Educational Practice (OEP). We have visualised OER as the conjunction of open content practices with open educational practicesmore broadly. In relation to open content, it is interesting to ask what is special about educational content and how it is made openly available, licensed and distributed or shared. In relation to open practices, it is interesting to ask how practices around content contribute to or are supported by other open practices across the sphere of educational activity.
- JISC CETIS paper in 2008 concerning the state of open educational resources internationally
- Support Centre for Open Resources in Education (SCORE)
- OER for beginners: an introduction is an excellent page produced by the MEDEV Subject Centre which provides links to resources for healthcare education
- STEM OER Guidance Wiki – This wiki constitutes a collection of guidance documentation on all aspects of Open Educational Resources (OER), produced by the STEM project teams from a number of Higher Education Academy/JISC OER pilot projects, and is based on the teams’ combined experiences working with practising academics to explore the issues surrounding OER production and release.
- OER-CSAP toolkit (CSAP Project)
- Humbox guide to oers (Humbox Project)
- Toolkit supporting open release, including: Why make it open? Share, remix & reuse; Creative Commons overview; Copyright – things to remember; Marketing and communications for OER (RIPPLE Project)
SYNTHESIS AND EVALUATION PAGES
Most of the pages on this wiki focus on some aspect of OER – particularly within the context of work carried out as part of the UKOER Programme
- OER and open learning
- OER and open pedagogies or teaching practices
- OER and sharing learning/teaching ideas
- OER and open technologies
- OER and open scholarship
- pages on this website with the tag OERs
RESOURCES IN THE OER GUIDE
JISC OER Infokit the whole infoKit is dedicated to OER and offers advice and guidance on many different aspects including management, learning and teaching, technical and legal aspects